THE ULTIMATE WATER SOLUTIONS FOR RESIDENTIAL, OFFICE & COMMERCIAL NEEDS
Fracking Chemicals ~ Why Not?
What is Fracking?
“Fracking” is short for hydraulic fracturing, or hydrofracking. It is the process of injecting frack fluid, a mixture of water, sand and chemicals, at high pressure into shale to fracture the rock, thereby releasing trapped natural gas (including shale gas, tight gas and coal seam gas), petroleum, or other substances for extraction. The energy from the injection of a highly pressurized fracking fluid creates fractures from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations. These new channels in the rock can increase the extraction rates and ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons.
Fluid recovered from the well after the fracking is completed is called flowback fluid or waste water. Only 10-40% of the fracking fluid is recovered. The waste water contains materials released by the broken shale such as mineral salts, toxic heavy metals, and radioactive materials. It also contains chemicals that were added to the frack fluid. Waste water is on average 2-7 times saltier than seawater at the end of the recovery process. Industry can recycle the waste water by reusing it for other frack jobs.
Fracking Chemical Found in Wyoming Water Supply
May 3, 1964 edition of the San Antonio Express News
Out of Sight, Out of Mind
The story read, in part:
What's In Your Water? (Cartoon)
Food & Water Watch: GASLAND
Gloria Forouzan: GASLAND
19 August 2012
Happening now, in Australia. Janet Cox a 50-something Aboriginal woman being forced off of her land. She's been there almost every day, for a very long time, to block frack operations.
This is a global fight.
It is a fight of people against the corporate monster we've allowed to grow.
Erwin Dale Brown: GASLAND
The oil and gas service companies used hydraulic fracturing products containing 29 chemicals that are (1) known or possible human carcinogens, (2) regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act for their risks to human health, or (3) listed as hazardous air pollutants under
the Clean Air Act. These 29 chemicals were components of 652 different products used in hydraulic fracturing. Table 3 lists these toxic chemicals and their frequency of use.
UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:
COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE:
CHEMICALS USED IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING: APRIL 2011 Report
A pool of viscous black liquid was discovered Thursday on State Game Lands 219 in Warren Township, Bradford County. The substance is less than two miles from a Talisman Energy natural gas well pad. / STEVE REILLY / STAFF PHOTO
UPDATE: Man charged in spill near Pa. gas-drilling site
Sludge-like substance found on hunting land
Dec. 2, 2011
UPDATE: A 27-year-old man from Temple, Ga., admitted to Pennsylvania State Police that he dumped approximately 800 gallons of dangerous materials from a Bradford County gas well site onto state game lands early Thursday morning, according to a press release from the Towanda barracks.
but now communities need to think about the possibility that the practice can trigger earthquakes.
Runner Susan Sullivan: "My dog drank our well water. His hair fell out and a year later he was diagnosed with a rare cancer that is caused by long term radiation exposure. I have tons of video of footage of spills, etc on my property."
"The Finest Energized Water Purification Systems Since 1995"
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