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Fracking Chemicals ~ Why Not?

What is Fracking?

“Fracking” is short for hydraulic fracturing, or hydrofracking. It is the process of injecting frack fluid, a mixture of water, sand and chemicals, at high pressure into shale to fracture the rock, thereby releasing trapped natural gas (including shale gas, tight gas and coal seam gas), petroleum, or other substances for extraction. The energy from the injection of a highly pressurized fracking fluid creates fractures from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations. These new channels in the rock can increase the extraction rates and ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons. 

Fluid recovered from the well after the fracking is completed is called flowback fluid or waste water.  Only 10-40% of the fracking fluid is recovered. The waste water contains materials released by the broken shale such as mineral salts, toxic heavy metals,
  and radioactive materials. It also contains chemicals that were added to the frack fluid. Waste water is on average 2-7 times saltier than seawater at the end of the recovery process.  Industry can recycle the waste water by reusing it for other frack jobs.

Fracking Chemicals ~ Why Not?

Busted!
Fracking Chemical Found in Wyoming Water Supply

May 3, 1964 edition of the San Antonio Express News

Out of Sight, Out of Mind

[Excerpt]

The story read, in part:

Two techniques originated by the petroleum industry for its own uses are expected to solve a major problem in the development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The problem is the disposal of dangerous, sometimes deadly, radioactive waste by-products.

Researchers at Halliburton Co’s. Technical Center here working with Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists, have combined the oil well cementing technique with the hydraulic fracturing production stimulation technique to entomb radioactive wastes in an impermeable shale formation a thousand feet underground.

The method used at Oak Ridge begins by mixing the waste with a cement slurry, pumping the mixture down a hole drilled into the Conasuaga shale and then fracturing the shale to create a horizontal crack. The crack fills with the mixture to form a thin, horizontal sheet several hundred feet across. The mix sets to permanently hold the radioactive waste in the formation.

Union Carbide Corp., which operates facilities at Oak Ridge for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, and Halliburton, which provides specialized oil field services such as cementing fracturing worldwide, have collaborated on the project since 1960.

The mix remained liquid for 48 hours before it was supposed to permanently set and remain there, entombed, forever.

The articles make clear that the Atomic Energy Commission was preparing to use fracking as a means of disposing of nuclear wastes at additional facilities, with Oak Ridge being simply one of the largest, and the first to publicly disclose these out-of-sight disposal procedures:

Oak Ridge has a radioactive waste disposal problem typical of the nation’s nuclear sites. Each year about four million gallons of waste, including such fission products as strontium 90, cesium 137 and ruthenium 103, are generated at Oak Ridge.

Among the disposal methods already tried have been dumping concrete-encased barrels of waste in the ocean or burying the waste in lead-lined containers. These are considered either too dangerous or too expensive or both.

No Fracking

 Fracking Fluid Radioactive Waste Snippet from Sept. 16,1965 Youngstown Vindicator

What's In Your Water? (Cartoon)

Fracking

Food & Water Watch: ‎GASLAND

Water is Life; Once you Frack you can't go back
Janet Cox

 Gloria Forouzan‎: GASLAND

19 August 2012 

Happening now, in Australia. Janet Cox a 50-something Aboriginal woman being forced off of her land. She's been there almost every day, for a very long time, to block frack operations.

This is a global fight.

It is a fight of people against the corporate monster we've allowed to grow.

What happens in Gasland

Erwin Dale Brown‎: GASLAND

CHEMICALS USED IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING: APRIL 2011 Report

TOXIC CHEMICALS

The oil and gas service companies used hydraulic fracturing products containing 29 chemicals that are (1) known or possible human carcinogens, (2) regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act for their risks to human health, or (3) listed as hazardous air pollutants under

the Clean Air Act. These 29 chemicals were components of 652 different products used in hydraulic fracturing. Table 3 lists these toxic chemicals and their frequency of use.

UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE:

CHEMICALS USED IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING: APRIL 2011 Report

pool of viscous black liquid

A pool of viscous black liquid was discovered Thursday on State Game Lands 219 in Warren Township, Bradford County. The substance is less than two miles from a Talisman Energy natural gas well pad. / STEVE REILLY / STAFF PHOTO

UPDATE: Man charged in spill near Pa. gas-drilling site

Sludge-like substance found on hunting land

Dec. 2, 2011  

UPDATE: A 27-year-old man from Temple, Ga., admitted to Pennsylvania State Police that he dumped approximately 800 gallons of dangerous materials from a Bradford County gas well site onto state game lands early Thursday morning, according to a press release from the Towanda barracks.

Contamination of fresh water, and potential damage to aquifers are already major concerns, but now communities need to think about the possibility that the practice can trigger earthquakes.
Contamination of fresh water, and potential damage to aquifers are already major concerns,
but now communities need to think about the possibility that the practice can trigger earthquakes.
my dog drank our well water
Susan Harrell Knoll, GASLAND, 27 June 2010

Runner Susan Sullivan‎: "My dog drank our well water. His hair fell out and a year later he was diagnosed with a rare cancer that is caused by long term radiation exposure. I have tons of video of footage of spills, etc on my property."

Julie Sautner‎: GASLAND
Dimock, PA water

6 August 2010
Your Future is in your hands

Fracking Chemicals ~ Why Not? ~ Videos

"The Finest Energized Water Purification Systems Since 1995"

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Curtis Bennett:at August 27, 2015, at 13:00 Eastern Time"The same way there are reasons we don't drill through the...

Posted by Dianne Knight on Thursday, 27 August 2015
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